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Prachovské skály (rocks)Prachovské skály (rocks)

The Prachovské Skály nature preserve is one of the most popular regions in the Czech Republic. It is one of the oldest nature preserves in the country. 

HruboskalskoHruboskalsko

The Hruboskalsko is one of the best-known rock formations. It is characterised by impressive towers reaching up to 55 m and also by steep canyons. 

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The dolomite caves with the largest underground lake in Bohemia.

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Austro-Prussian War

In many places on some maps of Cesky raj, we find marks representing crossed sabres with the year 1866. In this year, the second largest battle of the 19th century was prepared and fought here. In places where today we rave about the beautiful views into the landscape, artillery once stood and people nearby prayed they would survive the day. We find many monuments, mass graves and we read hundreds of names of men for whom Cesky raj was definitely not a welcoming and attractive tourist area, but the site where in the name of the "great idea," they came to meet their maker.

It is a good thing to visit the battle sites. We can read from whence and at whom each side fired, we will come to know the names of commanders, the number of battalions and batteries and the markings of military units by weapon. We finish excursions at the strategic hill Chlum at Sadova, on which we can walk the "track of the dead." We understand the advantage of needle guns over breech loaders, but along the row of houses we ask the question: "What was this really about?"

In 1866, the armies of Austria and Prussia clashed here. The war was "to resolve" the conflicts over power in the so-called German Union, and Austria lost this war at the battle at Hradec Kralove (the names "Battle of Chlum" or the "Battle of Sadova" are also used). In this colossal battle, 430,000 people stood face to face and fought each other. In the 19th century, this tragic event was surpassed only by the Battle of Leipzig in 1813. On July 3rd, 1866, 15,000 soldiers lost their lives. The centre of the battles at Chlum is found about 30 kilometres to the south-east of Jicin. There is a museum here - a memorial to the war of 1866, a lookout tower, a Prussian cemetery, a powerful memorial to the Battery of the Dead, an ossuary and many other memorials and monuments, all joined by military pathways. A memorial event is held here annually with a reconstruction of the battle (end of June).

Ossarium Kbelnice

North of Jicin at the village of Kbelnice is a military cemetery. The Secessionist chapel of the ossuary is the work of the Horice sculptural school and was built after a design by V. Weinzettl, done in the years 1904-06.

Dilce

The garden area north of Jicin became the centre of the battle on 29 June 1866. On the opposite green we find Prussian and Saxon memorials and in the vicinity individual and mass graves.

Brada

The Austrian artillery had a battery in the space below the remnants of Brada castle. The shelling burnt down the upper part of the village of Kneznice (in the gable of house no. 3 is the head of a shell).

Ohavec ? Horni Lochov

North-west of Jicin, along the roadway, is a common grave and a memorial to 130 soldiers.

Jicin

In the afternoon of 29 June 1866, an attack was launched by the Prussian army of 130,000 men from Sobotka and Libun in the direction of Jicin. It met stiff Austrian resistance throughout the area. The fighting was particularly bitter at Jinolice, Prachov, and Ostruzno. In the evening, the Austrian army began to retreat but this changed into an attack with huge losses. Then they fought for Jicin itself and the total number of casualties on both sides exceeded 7,500 men. During the night retreat, 60 soldiers drown in the pond Knize, which was then larger and extended further to the north. Jicin became the temporary main camp of the Prussians. We find memorials in Kbelnice, Lochov, Prachov, Kneznice, Dilce, Podulsi, Ohavec and Jicin.

Horni Lochov

A memorial to the victims of Austrian reserve units, which remained here forgotten by the command and which set up an artillery barrage from the Svincice hilltop. The event is remotely recalled by the fate of the "Battery of the Dead" on Chlum, which bravely stood to the last man against an attack by its own army.

Hrad Kost

The castle was the last in our history to be used militarily on the night of 28-29 June 1966 and demonstrated its extraordinary defensive effectiveness. The Austrian army repulsed two Prussian attacks here and then finally abandoned the castle on orders to retreat. We find monuments at the intersection of roads in the forests behind Kost on the red marked trail.

Fighting occurred in many other places and thus it is possible to discover the most varied melancholy witnesses to the year 1866, for example in the vicinity of Muzsky hill (an obelisk on the top), graves in the cemetery in the village of Bosen, in Zehrovsky les (Zehrov forest), at Mnichovo Hradiste (a powerful memorial in the cemetery), Svijan - Podoli (battle for the crossing of the Jizera River, memorials), Preper (memorials), in Turnov (cemetery at Hrustice), in Klaster Hradiste nad Jizerou (stray artillery shells in the wall of the former brewery at house numbers 22, 23), Brezina, Mlada Boleslav, on the top of Baba at Kosmonosy, in Sobotka (town cemetery), Oharice and elsewhere.

Created 29.4.2004 15:51:55 | read 9594x
 
 
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