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Prachovské skály (rocks)Prachovské skály (rocks)

The Prachovské Skály nature preserve is one of the most popular regions in the Czech Republic. It is one of the oldest nature preserves in the country. 

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The Hruboskalsko is one of the best-known rock formations. It is characterised by impressive towers reaching up to 55 m and also by steep canyons. 

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Prachovské skály

Bohemian Paradise

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E-mail:info@prachovskeskaly.cz
Web:www.prachovskeskaly.com
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The Prachovské skály nature preserve is one of the most popular regions in the Czech Republic. It is one of the oldest nature preserves in the country.
 
 

The area was declared a nature preserve in 1933. In 2002, the efforts made by conservationists resulted in incorporation of the Prachovské skály Nature Preserve in the Český Ráj Protected Landscape Area. It is recommended to start a tour round the Prachovské Skály from Jičín, an ancient town with a well-preserved central square and numerous historic monuments. The Prachovské Skály are some 6 km far from Jičín, in the direction towards Sobotka, via Holín and Prachov. There are two car parks at the entrance points.

The short round tour is led through a narrow, only 35 cm wide rock gap; from there, you approach two best-known lookout points and return through the Císařská Chodba between robust rock blocks. The tour takes about 3/4 hour.

The long round will take you along seven lookout points, you climb various staircases carved in the rocks and squeeze through narrow gaps between huge stones. The tour is 3.5 km long and it takes approximately 2.5 hours.

Geology
The geological history of the Prachovské skály area is rather varicoloured – the beginnings of the sandstone formations date back to the Mesozoic era when the whole territory was flooded with sea water. Millions of years later, the region was pushed up by the effects of powerful tectonic powers, the flood shrank back and the seabed split into separate blocks on which today's treasure of the Český Ráj region were formed: the Suché skály, the Prachovské skály, the Hruboskalsko, the Příhrazské Skály, etc. By gradual erosion, characteristic and world-unique rock formations were formed, distinctive with tall rock towers and deep rock gaps. During the Tertiary era, volcanic activities reshaped the landscape, leaving its print in the form of (residual) basalt volcanoes – the hills of Velíš, Zebín, Trosky, Vyskeř, etc., today's significant landscape dominant features of the region of Český Ráj.

History
Some time in the mid 13th century, King Přemysl Otakar I. founded on the basalt hill a magnificent castle named Velíš and the Prachovské Skály became a part of the Royal demesne of Velíš. The demesne was not the Royal property for long: in 1337 it was obtained by the Vartemberk family and then it was possessed by various other noble families. In 1625 the demesne of Velíš was included in the property of the Duke of Frýdlant, Albrecht Eusebius Valdštejn. After his death in 1634 the duchy was devastated. In 1637 the land of Velíš and the Prachovské skály went to Jindřich Schlik, one of the leaders of the uprising in 1620 and the chief commander of the Moravian Army in the Battle of Bílá Hora. After the lost battle, his cousin, Jáchym Ondřej Schlik, was arrested and executed in 1621 at Old Town Square in Prague. However, Jindřich Schlik entered the Imperial Army and developed a great career as a professional soldier. His successors owned the Prachovské Skály until 1948 when the Schlik family property was confiscated.

In 1993, it was restituted and since 2000 the Schlik family has operated the tourist area of the Prachovské skály on its own.

Prachovské rocks

Prachovské rocks form the sandstone rock town. The table land from the sandstone blocks of upper Cretaceous (upper turon to coniak – Teplice region formation of Czech Cretaceous) is divided by rock canons into several parts. The sandstones reach up to 90 cm thickness with neo-vulcanite passing in some location (e.g. basanite formation Svinčice in southern part). The table land includes a system of mostly dry rock valleys – passes called halls, e.g. Císařská chodba (Emperor Hall). The southern side has a different character because it was affected by the slope movements. It includes tilted or collapsed rock blocks.

Opening hours

April - June Mo - Su 9:00 - 17:00
July - August Mo - Su 8:00 - 18:00
September - October Mo - Su 9:00 - 17:00

Entrance fee

Full entrance fee:100,00 CZK
Discount entrance fee:50,00 CZK
Family entrance fee:250,00 CZK Max. 2 adults and 2 children
Students:50,00 CZK
Senior citizens:50,00 CZK
, author: Podobský Jakub

Services and facilities: Cycle parking, Cloakroom, Refreshments, Refreshments

, author: Luděk Antoš
, author: Luděk Antoš
, author: Foto Podobský
, author: Podobský Jakub
, author: Podobský Jakub
 
 

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